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The rise of political Islam in Turkey [electronic resource] / Angel Rabasa, F. Stephen Larrabee.

By: Rabasa, Angel.
Contributor(s): Larrabee, F. Stephen | National Defense Research Institute (U.S.).
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Santa Monica, CA : RAND, c2008Description: 1 online resource (xix, 113 p.).ISBN: 9780833045317 (electronic bk.); 0833045318 (electronic bk.); 9780833044570 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0833044575 (pbk. : alk. paper).Report number: MG-726-OSDSubject(s): Islam and politics -- Turkey | Islam and state -- Turkey | Islam -- Turkey -- History | POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Process -- Political AdvocacyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Rise of political Islam in Turkey.DDC classification: 322/.109561 Online resources: EBSCOhost
Contents:
Preface -- Figures and Tables -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- Acronyms and Abbreviations -- Introduction -- Politics and Religion in Turkey -- Structure of the report -- The Islamic landscape in Turkey -- Religion, ethnicity and politics -- The management of Islam -- Sufi brotherhoods -- Religious movements -- Islamic foundations -- Islamic schools -- Shiites and Alevis -- Turkish attitudes toward religion -- The violent fringe -- Turks in Europe -- The rise of political Islam in Turkey -- The impact of the Kemalist revolution -- The advent of multi-party democracy -- The "Turkish-Islamic synthesis" -- The impact of the ZAL reforms -- The rise of the religious right -- Political Islam in power : the welfare interlude -- The impact of the February 28 process -- The AKP in power -- The reconfiguration of Turkish politics -- The AKP : a new synthesis or Islamism in disguise? -- "Green money" -- The headscarf controversy -- The Imam-Hatip schools controversy -- Non-Muslims minorities under AKP rule -- The AKP and the Kurds -- The AKP and the military -- AKP's foreign policy -- Relations with Europe -- Relations with the United States -- Relations with the Middle East -- Future prospects and implications -- Whither Turkey : alternative political futures -- Scenario 1 : the AKP pursues a moderate, EU-oriented path -- Scenario 2 : creeping Islamization -- Scenario 3 : military intervention -- Implications for U.S. policy.
Summary: As a Muslim-majority country that is also a secular democratic state, a member of NATO, a candidate for membership in the European Union, a long-standing U.S. ally, and the host of Incirlik Air Base (a key hub for logistical support missions in Afghanistan and Iraq), Turkey is pivotal to U.S. and Western security interests in a critical area of the world. It also provides an example of the coexistence of Islam with secular democracy, globalization, and modernity. However, having a ruling party with Islamic roots--the Justice and Development Party (AKP)--within a framework of strict secularism has generated controversy over the boundaries between secularity and religion in the public sphere, leading to parliamentary elections, along with a new mandate for the party, in July 2007. This monograph describes the politico-religious landscape in Turkey and the relationship between the state and religion, and it evaluates how the balance between secular and religious forces--and between the Kemalist elites and new emerging social groups--has changed over the past decade. The study also assesses the new challenges and opportunities for U.S. policy in the changed Turkish political environment and identifies specific actions the United States may take to advance the U.S. interest in a stable, democratic, and friendly Turkey and, more broadly, in the worldwide dissemination of liberal and pluralistic interpretations of Islam.
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"National Defense Research Institute."

Includes bibliographical references (p. 103-113).

Preface -- Figures and Tables -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- Acronyms and Abbreviations -- Introduction -- Politics and Religion in Turkey -- Structure of the report -- The Islamic landscape in Turkey -- Religion, ethnicity and politics -- The management of Islam -- Sufi brotherhoods -- Religious movements -- Islamic foundations -- Islamic schools -- Shiites and Alevis -- Turkish attitudes toward religion -- The violent fringe -- Turks in Europe -- The rise of political Islam in Turkey -- The impact of the Kemalist revolution -- The advent of multi-party democracy -- The "Turkish-Islamic synthesis" -- The impact of the ZAL reforms -- The rise of the religious right -- Political Islam in power : the welfare interlude -- The impact of the February 28 process -- The AKP in power -- The reconfiguration of Turkish politics -- The AKP : a new synthesis or Islamism in disguise? -- "Green money" -- The headscarf controversy -- The Imam-Hatip schools controversy -- Non-Muslims minorities under AKP rule -- The AKP and the Kurds -- The AKP and the military -- AKP's foreign policy -- Relations with Europe -- Relations with the United States -- Relations with the Middle East -- Future prospects and implications -- Whither Turkey : alternative political futures -- Scenario 1 : the AKP pursues a moderate, EU-oriented path -- Scenario 2 : creeping Islamization -- Scenario 3 : military intervention -- Implications for U.S. policy.

Description based on print version record.

As a Muslim-majority country that is also a secular democratic state, a member of NATO, a candidate for membership in the European Union, a long-standing U.S. ally, and the host of Incirlik Air Base (a key hub for logistical support missions in Afghanistan and Iraq), Turkey is pivotal to U.S. and Western security interests in a critical area of the world. It also provides an example of the coexistence of Islam with secular democracy, globalization, and modernity. However, having a ruling party with Islamic roots--the Justice and Development Party (AKP)--within a framework of strict secularism has generated controversy over the boundaries between secularity and religion in the public sphere, leading to parliamentary elections, along with a new mandate for the party, in July 2007. This monograph describes the politico-religious landscape in Turkey and the relationship between the state and religion, and it evaluates how the balance between secular and religious forces--and between the Kemalist elites and new emerging social groups--has changed over the past decade. The study also assesses the new challenges and opportunities for U.S. policy in the changed Turkish political environment and identifies specific actions the United States may take to advance the U.S. interest in a stable, democratic, and friendly Turkey and, more broadly, in the worldwide dissemination of liberal and pluralistic interpretations of Islam.

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The rise of political Islam in Turkey by Rabasa, Angel. ©2008
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