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Chemistry of High-Energy Materials [electronic resource].

By: Klap�otke, Thomas M.
Material type: TextTextSeries: De Gruyter textbook: Publisher: Berlin : De Gruyter, 2012Edition: 2nd ed.Description: 1 online resource (272 p.).ISBN: 9783110273595 (electronic bk.); 3110273594 (electronic bk.).Subject(s): Explosives -- Textbooks | Explosives, Military -- Textbooks | Green technology -- Textbooks | Explosives -- Textbooks | Explosives, Military -- Textbooks | Green technology -- Textbooks | TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & BiochemicalGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Chemistry of High-Energy MaterialsDDC classification: 662.2 | 662/.2 Online resources: EBSCOhost
Contents:
1 Introduction; 1.1 Historical Overview; 1.2 New Developments; 1.2.1 Polymer-Bonded Explosives; 1.2.2 New High (Secondary) Explosives; 1.2.3 New Primary Explosives; 1.2.4 New Oxidizers for Solid Rocket Motors; 1.3 Definitions; 1.4 Combustion, Deflagration, Detonation - A Short Introduction; 1.4.1 Fire and Combustion; 1.4.2 Deflagration and Detonation; 2 Classification of Energetic Materials; 2.1 Primary Explosives; 2.2 High (Secondary) Explosives; 2.3 Propellant Charges; 2.4 Rocket Propellants; 2.4.1 Chemical Thermal Propulsion (CTP); 2.5 Pyrotechnics
2.5.1 Detonators, Initiators, Delay Compositions and Heat-Generating Pyrotechnics2.5.2 Light-Generating Pyrotechnics; 2.5.3 Decoy Flares; 2.5.4 Smoke Munitions; 2.5.5 Near-Infrared (NIR) Compositions; 3 Detonation, Detonation Velocity and Detonation Pressure; 4 Thermodynamics; 4.1 Theoretical Basis; 4.2 Computational Methods; 4.2.1 Thermodynamics; 4.2.2 Detonation Parameters; 4.2.3 Combustion Parameters; 4.2.4 Example: Theoretical Evaluation of New Solid Rocket Propellants; 4.2.5 Example: EXPLO5 Calculation of the Gun Propellant Properties of Single, Double and Triple Base Propellants
5 Initiation6 Experimental Characterization of Explosives; 6.1 Sensitivities; 6.2 Long-Term Stabilities; 6.3 Insensitive Munitions; 6.4 Gap Test; 6.5 Classification; 7 Special Aspects of Explosives; 7.1 Shaped Charges; 7.2 Detonation Velocities; 7.3 Gurney Model; 7.3.1 Example: Calculation of the Gurney Velocity for a General Purpose Bomb; 8 Correlation between the Electrostatic Potential and the Impact Sensitivity; 8.1 Electrostatic Potentials; 8.2 Volume-Based Sensitivities; 9 Design of Novel Energetic Materials; 9.1 Classification; 9.2 Polynitrogen Compounds; 9.3 High-Nitrogen Compounds
9.3.1 Tetrazole and Dinitramide Chemistry9.3.2 Tetrazole, Tetrazine and Trinitroethyl Chemistry; 9.3.3 Ionic Liquids; 9.4 Dinitroguanidine Derivatives; 9.5 Co-Crystallization; 9.6 Future Energetics; 10 Synthesis of Energetic Materials; 10.1 Molecular Building Blocks; 10.2 Nitration Reactions; 10.3 Processing; 11 Safe Handling of Energetic Materials in the Laboratory; 11.1 General; 11.2 Protective Equipment; 11.3 Laboratory Equipment; 12 Energetic Materials of the Future; 13 Related Topics; 13.1 Thermobaric Weapons; 13.2 Agent Defeat Weapons; 13.3 Nanothermites
13.3.1 Example: Iron Oxide/Aluminum Thermite13.3.2 Example: Copper Oxide/Aluminum Thermite; 13.3.3 Example: Molybdenum Trioxide/Aluminum Thermite; 13.4 Homemade Explosives; 14 Study Questions; 15 Literature; 16 Appendix; Index;
Summary: This graduate-level textbook in a new revised edition treats the basic chemistry of high energy materials - primary and secondary explosives, propellants, rocket fuel and pyrotechnics - andprovides a review of new research developments. Applications in both military and civil fields are discussed. The book also offers new insights into "green" chemistry requirements and strategies for military applications. This work should be of interest to advanced students in chemistry, materials science and engineering, as well as all those working indefense technology.
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Description based upon print version of record.

1 Introduction; 1.1 Historical Overview; 1.2 New Developments; 1.2.1 Polymer-Bonded Explosives; 1.2.2 New High (Secondary) Explosives; 1.2.3 New Primary Explosives; 1.2.4 New Oxidizers for Solid Rocket Motors; 1.3 Definitions; 1.4 Combustion, Deflagration, Detonation - A Short Introduction; 1.4.1 Fire and Combustion; 1.4.2 Deflagration and Detonation; 2 Classification of Energetic Materials; 2.1 Primary Explosives; 2.2 High (Secondary) Explosives; 2.3 Propellant Charges; 2.4 Rocket Propellants; 2.4.1 Chemical Thermal Propulsion (CTP); 2.5 Pyrotechnics

2.5.1 Detonators, Initiators, Delay Compositions and Heat-Generating Pyrotechnics2.5.2 Light-Generating Pyrotechnics; 2.5.3 Decoy Flares; 2.5.4 Smoke Munitions; 2.5.5 Near-Infrared (NIR) Compositions; 3 Detonation, Detonation Velocity and Detonation Pressure; 4 Thermodynamics; 4.1 Theoretical Basis; 4.2 Computational Methods; 4.2.1 Thermodynamics; 4.2.2 Detonation Parameters; 4.2.3 Combustion Parameters; 4.2.4 Example: Theoretical Evaluation of New Solid Rocket Propellants; 4.2.5 Example: EXPLO5 Calculation of the Gun Propellant Properties of Single, Double and Triple Base Propellants

5 Initiation6 Experimental Characterization of Explosives; 6.1 Sensitivities; 6.2 Long-Term Stabilities; 6.3 Insensitive Munitions; 6.4 Gap Test; 6.5 Classification; 7 Special Aspects of Explosives; 7.1 Shaped Charges; 7.2 Detonation Velocities; 7.3 Gurney Model; 7.3.1 Example: Calculation of the Gurney Velocity for a General Purpose Bomb; 8 Correlation between the Electrostatic Potential and the Impact Sensitivity; 8.1 Electrostatic Potentials; 8.2 Volume-Based Sensitivities; 9 Design of Novel Energetic Materials; 9.1 Classification; 9.2 Polynitrogen Compounds; 9.3 High-Nitrogen Compounds

9.3.1 Tetrazole and Dinitramide Chemistry9.3.2 Tetrazole, Tetrazine and Trinitroethyl Chemistry; 9.3.3 Ionic Liquids; 9.4 Dinitroguanidine Derivatives; 9.5 Co-Crystallization; 9.6 Future Energetics; 10 Synthesis of Energetic Materials; 10.1 Molecular Building Blocks; 10.2 Nitration Reactions; 10.3 Processing; 11 Safe Handling of Energetic Materials in the Laboratory; 11.1 General; 11.2 Protective Equipment; 11.3 Laboratory Equipment; 12 Energetic Materials of the Future; 13 Related Topics; 13.1 Thermobaric Weapons; 13.2 Agent Defeat Weapons; 13.3 Nanothermites

13.3.1 Example: Iron Oxide/Aluminum Thermite13.3.2 Example: Copper Oxide/Aluminum Thermite; 13.3.3 Example: Molybdenum Trioxide/Aluminum Thermite; 13.4 Homemade Explosives; 14 Study Questions; 15 Literature; 16 Appendix; Index;

This graduate-level textbook in a new revised edition treats the basic chemistry of high energy materials - primary and secondary explosives, propellants, rocket fuel and pyrotechnics - andprovides a review of new research developments. Applications in both military and civil fields are discussed. The book also offers new insights into "green" chemistry requirements and strategies for military applications. This work should be of interest to advanced students in chemistry, materials science and engineering, as well as all those working indefense technology.

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Other editions of this work

Chemistry of high-energy materials by Klap�otke, Thomas M. ©2011
Chemistry of high-energy materials by Klap�otke, Thomas M. ©2011
Chemistry of high-energy materials by Klap�otke, Thomas M. ©2011
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