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Risk & innovation [electronic resource] : small companies in six industries : background papers prepared for the NAE risk and innovation study / [National Academy of Engineering].

Contributor(s): National Academy of Engineering.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Washington, DC : National Academy Press, 1996Description: 1 online resource (152 p.) : tables, graphs.ISBN: 0309581621 (electronic bk.); 9780309581622 (electronic bk.).Subject(s): Small business -- United States | High technology industries -- United States | Technological innovations | Risk | BUSINESS & ECONOMICS -- Small BusinessGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Risk & innovation.DDC classification: 338.6/42/0973 Online resources: EBSCOhost
Contents:
COVER -- COPYRIGHT -- TABLE OF CONTENTS -- RISK & INNOVATION -- INTRODUCTION -- SECTORS ADDRESSED BY THE PAPERS -- THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGICAL RISK ON OPPORTUNITIES -- UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF POLICIES -- IMPORTANCE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH -- ACCESS TO CAPITAL -- IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY -- REFERENCES -- ADVANCED DISPLAYS AND VISUAL SYSTEMS -- INDUSTRY BACKGROUND -- Market Size, Structure, and International Position -- Display Technologies -- Market History -- CURRENT MARKET AND TECHNOLOGY ISSUES -- A Critical Technology -- Japanese Business Dominance -- Entry of Korea and Taiwan -- The Dumping Case -- Recent Developments -- New Markets and Applications -- THE ROLE OF SMALL COMPANIES -- Product Research and Development -- Manufacturing Research and Development -- Upstream Issues -- Downstream Issues -- Human and External Resource Issues -- Investment, Governance, and Strategy -- CONCLUSIONS -- APPENDIX: DESCRIPTIONS OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES -- REFERENCES -- IMPLANTABLEAND SURGICAL MEDICAL DEVICES -- THE MEDICAL DEVICE INDUSTRY AND ITS MARKETS -- SOME SALIENT CHARACTERISTICS OF MEDICAL DEVICE INNOVATION -- The Science and Technology Interface -- The Role of Small Versus Large Firms -- University-Industry Interactions -- THE U.S. INNOVATION SYSTEM -- Sources Of Finance -- Academic Medical Centers and Physician-Users -- FDA Regulatory Policies -- Health Care Financing Policies -- CONSEQUENCES FOR MEDICAL DEVICE INNOVATION -- R & D Investment -- The Changing Rate of Medical Device R & D -- The Changing Direction of Medical Device R & D -- CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS -- REFERENCES -- COMPUTER SOFTWARE -- SIZE AND SCOPE OF SOFTWARE SECTORS -- Programming Services and Systems Integration -- Prepackaged Software -- SOFTWARE DEPENDS CRITICALLY ON INNOVATIONIN COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES -- SMALL COMPANIES AND START-UPS EXPLOITTHESE OPPORTUNITIES -- Low Barriers to Entry -- Expanding, Fragmented Markets -- Dynamics of Technological Change -- Key Success Factors for New Companies -- FACTORS SHAPING INNOVATION IN SOFTWARE -- The Importance of Universities -- Large Companies as a Source of Technology -- Economic and Technological Risks are Encouraged -- POLICY QUESTIONS -- Spin-on Effects from Defense-Related Research and Development -- National Infrastructure Initiative -- The Importance of Defense System Acquisitions -- Public-Sector Financing Initiatives to Encourage Innovation -- The Question of Illegal Monopolization -- The Problem of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights -- Enforcing IPR Policies -- REMARKS ON THE FUTURE -- REFERENCES -- ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING LABORATORIESAND INSTRUMENTS -- CHARACTERIZATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING INDUSTRY -- A Brief History -- Market Size -- Number of Competitors -- Profile of Customers -- Legislative and Regulatory Drivers -- Market Niches -- Small Labs vs. Large Labs -- Accreditation and Certification -- TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION -- A Historical Perspective -- Summary of the Role of Analytical Instrumentation -- Likely Future Trends in Techno.
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"Committee on Technology, Management, and Capital in Small High-Tech Companies"--P. iii.

Includes bibliographical references.

COVER -- COPYRIGHT -- TABLE OF CONTENTS -- RISK & INNOVATION -- INTRODUCTION -- SECTORS ADDRESSED BY THE PAPERS -- THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGICAL RISK ON OPPORTUNITIES -- UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF POLICIES -- IMPORTANCE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH -- ACCESS TO CAPITAL -- IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY -- REFERENCES -- ADVANCED DISPLAYS AND VISUAL SYSTEMS -- INDUSTRY BACKGROUND -- Market Size, Structure, and International Position -- Display Technologies -- Market History -- CURRENT MARKET AND TECHNOLOGY ISSUES -- A Critical Technology -- Japanese Business Dominance -- Entry of Korea and Taiwan -- The Dumping Case -- Recent Developments -- New Markets and Applications -- THE ROLE OF SMALL COMPANIES -- Product Research and Development -- Manufacturing Research and Development -- Upstream Issues -- Downstream Issues -- Human and External Resource Issues -- Investment, Governance, and Strategy -- CONCLUSIONS -- APPENDIX: DESCRIPTIONS OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES -- REFERENCES -- IMPLANTABLEAND SURGICAL MEDICAL DEVICES -- THE MEDICAL DEVICE INDUSTRY AND ITS MARKETS -- SOME SALIENT CHARACTERISTICS OF MEDICAL DEVICE INNOVATION -- The Science and Technology Interface -- The Role of Small Versus Large Firms -- University-Industry Interactions -- THE U.S. INNOVATION SYSTEM -- Sources Of Finance -- Academic Medical Centers and Physician-Users -- FDA Regulatory Policies -- Health Care Financing Policies -- CONSEQUENCES FOR MEDICAL DEVICE INNOVATION -- R & D Investment -- The Changing Rate of Medical Device R & D -- The Changing Direction of Medical Device R & D -- CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS -- REFERENCES -- COMPUTER SOFTWARE -- SIZE AND SCOPE OF SOFTWARE SECTORS -- Programming Services and Systems Integration -- Prepackaged Software -- SOFTWARE DEPENDS CRITICALLY ON INNOVATIONIN COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES -- SMALL COMPANIES AND START-UPS EXPLOITTHESE OPPORTUNITIES -- Low Barriers to Entry -- Expanding, Fragmented Markets -- Dynamics of Technological Change -- Key Success Factors for New Companies -- FACTORS SHAPING INNOVATION IN SOFTWARE -- The Importance of Universities -- Large Companies as a Source of Technology -- Economic and Technological Risks are Encouraged -- POLICY QUESTIONS -- Spin-on Effects from Defense-Related Research and Development -- National Infrastructure Initiative -- The Importance of Defense System Acquisitions -- Public-Sector Financing Initiatives to Encourage Innovation -- The Question of Illegal Monopolization -- The Problem of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights -- Enforcing IPR Policies -- REMARKS ON THE FUTURE -- REFERENCES -- ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING LABORATORIESAND INSTRUMENTS -- CHARACTERIZATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING INDUSTRY -- A Brief History -- Market Size -- Number of Competitors -- Profile of Customers -- Legislative and Regulatory Drivers -- Market Niches -- Small Labs vs. Large Labs -- Accreditation and Certification -- TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION -- A Historical Perspective -- Summary of the Role of Analytical Instrumentation -- Likely Future Trends in Techno.

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Risk & innovation ©1995
Risk & innovation ©1995
Risk & innovation ©1995
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